Theoretical Framework

Through my unique background in clinical medical, holistic health and spiritual and religious studies, life coaching sessions will be based on a combination of different theoretical frameworks. Based on your individual situation, goals and preferences, we will together decide on the focus during the sessions. However, the general outline of will be based mainly on the following psychotherapeutic models:


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is probably the most commonly used and most well-known form of psychotherapy. It basically comes down to two distinctive steps: change the way you think and the way you behave. CBT focusses on challenging and changing distorted or unhelpful cognitive thought processes, beliefs, and attitudes, as well as behaviours.

Opposite from more traditional psychotherapy, CBT is a problem-focused approach and very much action-oriented, meaning it us used to deal with specific problems more than a specific diagnosis. To obtain a reachable end-goal, CBT works in a 6-step method:

1) psychological assessment
2) reconceptualisation
3) skills acquisition
4) skills consolidation and application
5) generalisation and maintenance
6) post-treatment assessment follow-up

CBT challenges cognitions, emotions, and behaviours. It is a all comprising psychotherapy, that aims to leave the individual with practical tools to not only tackle current difficulties, but also be a valuable tool for problems that might occur later in life.

Source: Korrelboom, K, Ten Broeke, E (2014). Geintegreerde Cognitieve Gedragstherapie. Countinho, Bussum.



Logotherapy is healing through meaning. Based on the concept that the main motivation of an individual to ‘survive’, is to find meaning and purpose in life. Rather than power or pleasure, it is meaning that is the primary and most powerful motivating and driving force in every human.

Basic principles of logotherapy are:
1) life has meaning under all circumstances, even the most miserable ones
2) our main motivation for living is our will to find meaning in life
3) we have freedom to find meaning in what we do, and what we experience, or at least in the stance we take when faced with a situation of unchangeable suffering

Although often relating to the ‘human spirit’, logotherapy is not a spiritual or religious concept per se. The search for meaning is not necessarily the search for G-d or any other supernatural power, it is the search for the will of each individual human being.

Based on logotherapy, there are three ways in which the meaning in life can be discovered:
1) by creating a work or doing a deed
2) by experiencing something or encountering someone
3) by the attitude we take towards unavoidable something
The choice of mindset and attitude, under whatever circumstance, is the ultimate freedom of the human.

Logotherapy was first founded by neurologist and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl. Following the theories developed by Freud (psychoanalysis) and Adler (individual psychology), as well as Kierkegard’s ‘will to meaning’ (existentional analysis), logotherapy is considered the third Viennese school of psychotherapy. Although his theories were for a large part already developed before the World War II, Frankl is perhaps most well-known for relating his ‘search for meaning’ to his three years spent in Auschqitz, Dachau, and other concentration camps.

Source: Frankl, V E (2014). The Will to Meaning: Foundations and Applications of Logotherapy (Expanded Ed.). Penguin Group, New York.


Nachas Ruach Treatment Model (NRTM)

Nachas Ruach – ‘Peace of Mind’ – is a state of awareness, obtained through both psycho-social and spiritual growth and healing. It mostly reflects a state of calmness and an overall feeling of wellbeing, security, and gratification. Integrating Torah values and spirituality within the context of professional psychotherapy and hypnotherapy, the NRTM acknowledges difficulties in life, but moves on from there to obtain personal growth.

Being content is an skill; thus finding contentment in day-to-day life is something that is teachable and trainable. NRTM centralises around enhancement of self-esteem, whilst recognising that there is a higher power, i.e. G-d, in our lives that plays a central role and is able to actively intervene. In order to achieve these goals, NRTM combines meditation with cognitive challenges and breathing exercises. Whilst our modern day society very much tend to focus on ‘the pursuit of happiness’, Nachas Ruach is not something that is actively sought per se. It is the shift from ‘I’m not OK’ to ‘I’m really OK’, through stress release and letting go of negativity.

The Nachas Ruach Model was introduced in 1990 by clinical psychologist and hypnotherapist dr. Naftali Fish, and has since played a significant role in counselling and psychotherapy of the Orthodox Jewish community.

Source: Fish, N (2011). Nachas Ruach: Torah-Based Psychotherapy and Tools for Growth and Healing. Targum Press, Jerusalem